The Nile River is the main river that runs Egypt, Uganda and Sudan. The second largest river in the world with 6650 km in length, is born in Lake Victoria in Uganda (the second largest lake of freshwater in the world and the largest Africa), and flows in the form of delta on the Mediterranean Sea where deposits 2,700 cubic meters of water per second.
Called "Iteru" or "great river" by the ancient Egyptians who owe him the development of their civilization, the Nile is currently a source of energy through hydroelectric plant of Aswan (or Aswan).
It is divided into two parts in Egypt that are extremely fertile due to the presence of organic kill periodically deposited by river floods: a region known as the "Nile Valley", consisting of about 15 km on both sides throughout the its extension into Egyptian territory, and the "Nile Delta" region where it flows into the sea and where it divides into several effluents and the two main ones are the Rosetta and Damietta, with a total length of 9,600 km² of fertile area.
The basin of the Nile is very extensive occupies a 3,349,000 sq km area. In its path it receives various names, when leaving Lake Victoria is called the Victoria Nile and then to go through Lake Albert is called Nile Alberto until you reach a region in Sudan where it receives the name of Al-Jabal ( the mountainous).
In Sudan, it crosses a marsh known as the "Sudd" and to reach the Malakal region it receives the name White Nile to reach Khartoum where it meets the Blue Nile, a tributary coming from Ethiopia. Later, still in Khartoum, the Nile (also called white), receives its last great tributary, the Atbara River Abyssinian plateau.
The main tributary of Lake Victoria is the Kagera River, which rises in Burundi, so also it is said that the most remote tributary of the Nile is the Kagera.
Last updated: 07.25.2015